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Pond Ecosystem- Meaning, Characteristics, Types and Importance

Meaning Of Pond Ecosystem

Ponds are artificial or natural body of water. Well ecosystem is technical term for community of organisms. Pond Ecosystem refers to fresh water ecosystem on which different organisms depend for their survival and to fulfill their nutritional needs as well. The ponds are the water bodies which are usually of 12-15 feet deep in which the sun rays can reach which results into growing of plants down there. The components of pond ecosystem include both biotic and abiotic components. Biotic components consist of producers, consumers and decomposer whereas abiotic components include organic and inorganic materials. It should be noted that biotic components follow a food chain.

Types Of Pond Ecosystem

Pond Ecosystem falls in fresh water ecosystem which is further divided into three parts which are littoral zone, open water zone and deep water zone. The littoral zone is a zone which is an area near the shore where sunlight follows it way down and allows the plants to grow. Open water zone which actually is well known as pelagic zone. It is that zone where water is not close to the bottom nor near the shore. The last is the deep water zone which is the lowest level lying above the sea and below the thermocline. This three types can be understood deeply. Some differentiate Pond Ecosystem in other way. It is classified in five types which are salt ponds, garden ponds, freshwater ponds, vernal ponds and underground ponds. Salt ponds are one which are near the sea side and consist brackish water. Garden ponds are those which are artificial in nature. Freshwater pool can form anywhere because of rains. Vernal ponds are those which are created because of depression in the ground and are seasonal. Lastly underground ponds which are created near the rocks.

Characteristics Of Pond Ecosystem

Pond Ecosystem are the balance of fish, bacterias and plants which together support each other. Pond Ecosystem works on ponds which are shallow enough for the sunlight to pass through it. It is a living ecosystem itself. Ponds do not have universally accepted standard of it’s maximum size. Ponds are wet and are surrounded by artificial and natural banks. The ponds provide inhabitation to wetland plant and animals. Pond works with a combination of three foodwebs at a time. There exist a type of pond where no trace of fishes is to be seen. This type of ponds are known as vernal ponds. These type of ponds inhabitat rare and endangered plant species.

Importance Of Pond Ecosystem

Pond Ecosystem has a great significance. They provide inhabitation to scarce species and support biodiversity much more then any other freshwater habitat. It is a home to lot many species.In the midst of landscapes the farmland ponds can provide us wildlife which is not a small thing. Every pond has a story to narrate about different people who visit them, be it for fishing or for soaking cart wheels. Ponds work as mini reservoir which help to drain fields during rain. Ponds recycle the nutrients and reduce the amount of nitrates and phosphates. Ponds are usually man made and are dug for different utilities of mankind. They provide drinking water during dry weather and vegetation to animals. They are not just important for quenching thirst or providing inhabitation but also to add beauty to the mother nature. It touches our heart and we feel calm and close to nature.


Ponds are found everywhere but yet they are endangered so we need to conserve them and protect them from getting extinct. We need to remember that we have to save something for the future generations as well. Ponds are inhabitation to many and are very important to maintain the nature.

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